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Physics
»
G.
Waves and Optics
»
G.3.
Electromagnetic Waves and Optics
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Unit Challenge
Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves
Overview
Determining the wavelength or frequency of an electromagnetic wave using the equation c = λf
Distinguishing between the types of electromagnetic waves in terms of frequency and wavelength
Doppler Effect for EM Waves
Overview
Recognizing the apparent change in frequency of a light source moving away from or towards an observer
Recognizing the apparent change in wavelength of a light source moving away from or towards an observer
Distinguishing between blue shifts and red shifts
Geometric Optics 1: Reflection
Overview
Identifying the incident ray, reflected ray, angle of incidence, and angle of reflection
Identifying the correct reflected ray given an incident ray
Determining the angle of reflection for a reflected light ray
Determining the angle between an incident ray and a reflected ray
Geometric Optics 2: Concave Mirrors
Overview
Identifying the features of concave mirrors: center of curvature (C) , principal axis, principal focus (F) , and focal length (f)
Identifying the correct reflected image for a concave mirror
Geometric Optics 3: Convex Mirrors
Overview
Identifying the features of convex mirrors: center of curvature (C) , principal axis, principal focus (F) , and focal length (f)
Identify the correct reflected image for a convex mirror
Geometric Optics 4: Problems Involving Convex and Concave Mirrors
Overview
Determining the distance of a reflected image from a convex or concave mirror using the equation 1/s
_{o}
+ 1/s
_{i}
= 1/f
Determining whether a reflected image is real or virtual, using the equation 1/s
_{o}
+ 1/s
_{i}
= 1/f
Determining the magnification and height of a reflected image using the equation m = -s
_{i}
/s
_{o}
Determining whether an image is upright or inverted, using the equation m = -s
_{i}
/s
_{o}
Geometric Optics 5: Refraction
Overview
Identifying the incident ray, refracted ray, angle of incidence, and angle of refraction
Predicting a sequence of refracted rays based on indices of refraction
Solving problems involving the index of refraction, n using the equation n = c/v
Solving problems involving Snell’s Law, n
_{1}
sinθ
_{1}
= n
_{2}
sinθ
_{2}
Geometric Optics 6: Total Internal Reflection
Overview
Identifying examples where total internal reflection will occur
Calculating the criticalangle, Î¸
_{c}
, with the equation Î¸
_{c}
^{ }
=sin
^{-1}
(n
_{2}
/n
_{1}
)
Geometric Optics 7: Convex Lenses
Overview
Identifying the features of convex lenses: principle axis, principle focus (F) , and the focal length (f)
Geometric Optics 8: Concave Lenses
Overview
Identifying the features of concave lenses: principle axis, principle focus (F) , and the focal length (f)
Identifying the correct refracted image for a concave lens
Geometric Optics 9: Problems Involving Convex and Concave Lenses
Overview
Determining the distance of a refracted image from a convex lens using the equation 1/s
_{o}
+ 1/s
_{i}
= 1/f,
Determining whether a refracted image is real or virtual, using the equation 1/s
_{o}
+ 1/s
_{i}
= 1/f
Determining the magnification and height of a refracted image using the equation m = -s
_{i}
/s
_{o}
Determining whether an image is upright or inverted, using the equation m = -s
_{i}
/s
_{o}
Physical Optics: Polarization, Diffraction and Interference
Overview
Identifying examples of polarization
Identifying examples of single-slit diffraction
Solving problems involving single-slit diffraction using X = m λL/d
Identifying examples of double-slit diffraction
Solving problems involving double-slit diffraction using the equation x = λL/d
Solving problems involving constructive interference using the equation dsinθ = ±mλ
Solving problems involving destructive interference using the equation dsinθ = ± (m + ½) λ
Geometric Optics 6: Total Internal Reflection — Calculating the criticalangle, Î¸
_{c}
, with the equation Î¸
_{c}
^{ }
=sin
^{-1}
(n
_{2}
/n
_{1}
)
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