Practice!

Sample Problem

Match the terms below with the appropriate statement to the right of the box. Write “A” for adrenal medulla, “B” for adrenal cortex, “C” for both and “D” for neither.

(A) adrenal medulla

(B) adrenal cortex

(C) both

(D) neither

produces steroid hormones

produces hormones that target the kidneys, gonads and liver

produces mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids

assists the sympathetic nervous system

assists the parasympathetic nervous system

produces epinephrine and norepinephrine

helps with the stress response

raises blood sugar levels

Solution

The answers are as follows: C, C, B, C, D, A, C, C. Both the adrenal medulla and cortex produce steroid hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol, which can affect the kidneys, gonads, and the liver by suppressing action or enhancing it. Both assist the sympathetic nervous system during the stress response by raising blood sugar levels.